What is Cipro used for?

CIPRO is the brand-name of the generic drug, ciprofloxacin. It is a broad spectrum antibiotic that belongs to a family of antibiotics called fluoroquinolones. Cipro works by preventing the reproduction of bacteria in infected individuals.

Ciprofloxacin is prescribed for the prevention or treatment of infections caused by certain bacteria. Some of the common infections treated with Cipro include: Skin infections, Prostatitis, Bone and joint infections, Gonorrhoea, Sinusitis, Urinary tract infections (UTI), Pneumonia, Typhoid fever and Diarrhoea caused by bacteria. Cipro is also used to treat people who have been exposed to anthrax.

Cipro antibiotic is prescribed for bacterial infections and will not work for infections by virus (for example flu and common cold). The drug should be used as prescribed by the doctor because unnecessary use or wrong use can lead to resistance which will result in a decrease in its effectiveness.

Cipro should not be taken by breastfeeding mothers because it can pass into breast milk and may result in harmful effects in a nursing baby.
Cipro (ciprofloxacin hydrochloride) comes as 250, 500 and 750mg tablets and also as the oral suspension (ciprofloxacin) which is available as 5 g ciprofloxacin in 100 mL and 10 g ciprofloxacin in 100 mL strengths.


Cipro should be taken as directed by the doctor and as indicated on your prescription sheet. You should not take more or less than the prescribed dose or for a longer time than was prescribed.

The Cipro dosage you require will be determined by your doctor based on the type of bacterial infection. Each dose is usually taken every 12 hours and it should be taken at the same time every day. The tablets should be taken with large amounts of water and they can be taken before or after meals. For the suspension, you should shake the bottle for at least 15 seconds before taking the prescribed dose.

The Cipro dosage for some common infections includes:
Severe pneumonia: 750 mg every 12 hours for seven to 14 days
Chronic bacterial prostatitis: 500 mg every 12 hours for 28 days
Moderate bone or joint infection: 500 mg every 12 hours for four to six weeks
Uncomplicated gonorrhoea infection: 250 mg, single dose
Uncomplicated urinary tract infection: 250 mg every 12 hours for three days
Bacterial diarrhoea: 500 mg every 12 hours for five to seven days
Acute sinusitis: 500 mg every 12 hours for 10 days

Do not discontinue the use of this medication even if you feel better, until you have taken all the prescribed doses or the doctor tells you to. Also, do not increase or reduce the amount of the drug you are taking on your own; skipping doses may result in worsening of the infection.
Cipro should not be taken with dairy products such as milk or yoghurt as they may reduce its efficacy. Cipro and alcohol should not be taken at the same time because it may worsen some of the side effects (such as drowsiness and dizziness) and may also lead to symptoms of overdose which include seizures, extreme vomiting, difficult and painful urination, the lips may turn blue and the skin may feel cold and clammy.


Cipro and other fluoroquinolones have been known to cause tendinitis and rupture of tendon in some patients. There have been reported cases of serious nerve problems such as peripheral neuropathy and also an increase in the symptoms of myasthenia gravis.
The common side effects of Ciprofloxacin include headache, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, rash, diarrhoea, stomach ache and loss of appetite. If these side effects persist, you should contact your doctor.

Some serious side effects may also occur and these may include:
Seizure and tremor
Depression or suicidal thoughts
Numbness, tingling, or weakness
Swelling or pain near a joint
Chest pain
Severe or bloody diarrhoea
Swelling of the face, throat, or body
Urinary retention
Loss of consciousness
Unusual bruising or bleeding
Yellowing of skin or eyes or dark-coloured urine

If you observe any of these effects, stop taking Cipro and call for medical assistance.

Cases of serious allergic reactions to this drug are rarely reported. However, if you observe any of these allergic reactions: severe itching and rash, swelling of the tongue, face or throat, severe dizziness and/ or trouble breathing.


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